By Kathryn Gin Lum
Kathryn Gin Lum poses a couple of very important questions: Why did the terror of hell live on Enlightenment evaluations in the United States, after principally subsiding in Europe and somewhere else? What have been the implications for early and antebellum american citizens of residing with the terror of seeing themselves and plenty of humans they knew forever damned? How did they reside lower than the weighty legal responsibility to save lots of as many souls as attainable? What approximately those that rejected this feeling of legal responsibility and worry? Gin Lum exhibits that underneath early americans' vaunted millennial optimism lurked a pervasive nervousness: that instead of being favourite through God, they and their kingdom will be the item of divine wrath. As regularly occurring social hierarchies crumbled ahead of revival hearth, monetary unease, and political chaos, "saved" and "damned" grew to become as the most important differences as race, type, and gender. the specter of damnation turned an impetus for or deterrent from every kind of behaviors, from interpreting novels to possessing slaves.
Gin Lum tracks the assumption of hell from the Revolution to Reconstruction. She considers the information of theological leaders like Jonathan Edwards and Charles Finney, in addition to these of normal men and women. She discusses the perspectives of local americans, americans of ecu and African descent, citizens of Northern insane asylums and Southern plantations, New England's clergy and missionaries in another country, or even proponents of Swedenborgianism and annihilationism. Damned kingdom offers a charming account of an idea that performed a transformative function in America's highbrow and cultural history.
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Damned Nation: Hell in America from the Revolution to Reconstruction by Kathryn Gin Lum